Tragedy of the Commons

Much of man's world is treated as a "commons" wherein individuals have the right to freely consume its resources and return their wastes. The "logic of the commons" ultimately produces its ruin as well as the demise of those who depend upon it for survival. The commons relationship between people and their environment was noted by Garrett Hardin in a 1968 paper published in the journal SCIENCE (162:1243-1248). This Web Page is dedicated to examining in more detail, the consequences of treating our ecosystem as a commons.

To learn more about the tragedy of the commons, please feel free to print a copy of the essays listed below.

The Commons; What it is, How it works and Why it continues
Unpopular Science; The Tragedy Denied
The Atmospheric Commons and Global Warming
The Atmospheric Commons and Human Population
The Commons Unshared; Biodiversity Loss
Politics, Economics and the Perpetuation of the Commons
Those Who Make the Rules in the Commons
Carbon Emissions and the Atmospheric Commons
The Future in the Commons

Other Resources About The Tragedy of the Commons

More on the Tragedy of the Commons
Managing the Commons
Stalking the Wild Taboo
Correcting Mythes About the Tragedy of the Commons
Food for Thought on the Tragedy of the Commons
World Watch Institute
World Resources Institute
Union of Concerned Scientists
Earth Island Institute
Earth Portals
Corporate Watch

Catalogues of Wealth

Lists of the World's Richest People and Bigest Corporations

Population growth resources

Population Reference Bureau
Zero Population Growth
Negative Population Growth
KZPG Population News Network
Bureau of the Census
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Statistical Abstracts of the United States
World Almanac and Book of Facts

Copyright © 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2008 by Gary W. Harding

Last Updated: 20 October 2008